tartan

tartan
   A decoratively woven fabric of a plaid pattern (sometimes called a sett) which is associated with a community in Scotland — a clan or family, a district, military, commercial, or other organization. There is a long history to a few of these associations, but only since the early 19th century did they become popularly synonymous with particular clans or families. Scotland has long been a major producer of wool. Local manufacturers produced cloth for local people, resulting in each district's acquiring a style eventually regarded as its own. When a clan dominated a region, whether in the highlands or the lowlands, a tartan became associated with the leading clan. From the Romantic period of the early 1800s, there has been tremendous interest in the study of tartans as they relate to Scottish traditions. Designs have proliferated in the last two hundred years, with families and organizations creating tartans that never had them before. Variants on older tartans have often been created because they are intended for use in specific circumstances, while hunting (earthier colors) or on formal occasions (brighter colors) for instance. New designs are often hybrids of old designs, lending the flavor of the district of their origin.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • tartan — TARTÁN, tartane, s.n. Şal sau pled făcut dintr o stofă specială de lână, cadrilată. – fr. tartan. Trimis de pan111, 17.05.2004. Sursa: DLRM  TARTÁN, tartane, s.n. 1. Ţesătură specială din lână sau din bumbac, cu carouri mari, divers colorate,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Tartan — Tar tan, n. [F. tiretane linsey woolsey, akin to Sp. tirita[ n]a a sort of thin silk; cf. Sp. tiritar to shiver or shake with cold.] Woolen cloth, checkered or crossbarred with narrow bands of various colors, much worn in the Highlands of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tartan — 1. see plaid. 2. Tartan is used allusively in informal and normally affectionate compounds to denote people or things connected with Scotland; the tartan army is the body of Scottish supporters at football games abroad, and the tartan tax is a… …   Modern English usage

  • tartan — tartan1 [tärt′ n] n. [prob. < MFr tiretaine, a cloth of mixed fibers < OFr tiret, a kind of cloth < tire, cloth (of silk) from the East < ML tyrius, material from Tyre < L Tyrus, TYRE; sp. infl. by ME tartarin, a rich material < …   English World dictionary

  • TARTAN — (Heb. תַּרְתָּן; from Akk. turtānu or tartān), title of the Assyrian commander in chief who came immediately after the king. The title is attested as early as the reign of Adad nirari II (911–891 B.C.E.). A general bearing the title tartan was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tartan — ist: der Titel für den Oberfeldherrn im assyrischen Heer (siehe 2 Kön 18,17; Jes 20,1). ein Webmuster, bei dem durch Überkreuzen von Fäden unterschiedlicher Farbe ein Karomuster entsteht. Tartans finden häufig Verwendung bei Stoffen für Kilts und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tartán — sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Tela de lana con cuadros o listas de varios colores, originaria de Escocia: una falda de tartán. 2. Material resistente e inalterable al agua, formado por una mezcla de goma y asfalto que se emplea como… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • tartan — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. tartannie, {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} szkocka tkanina wełniana w różnobarwną kratę, o innym dla każdego ze szkockich klanów układzie kolorów {{/stl 7}}{{stl 20}}… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Tartan — Tar tan, n. [F. tartane, or Sp., Pg., or It. tartana; all perhaps of Arabic origin.] (Naut.) A small coasting vessel, used in the Mediterranean, having one mast carrying large leteen sail, and a bowsprit with staysail or jib. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tartan — (spr. Tartänn), 1) bunt gegatteries wollenes Zeug zu den Kleidern der Hochschotten, s. Hochschottland. Es ist nach drei Hauptgruppen unterschieden: die mit viel Roth, mit viel Grün u. mit viel Gelb. Roth ist die Farbe der schottisch britischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tartan — Tartan, s. Plaid …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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